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device_list [2021/09/22 21:52] – [Device List] hogwilddevice_list [2021/09/24 18:32] – Remove contested "etc" and enforce proper capitalization of PPP & VPN techie007
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 ====== Device List ====== ====== Device List ======
  
-\\ The Device List displays an overall view of the devices connected to your LAN. Information is gathered from a number of different sources including DHCP leases, ARP tables, and Wi-Fi clients.+\\ The Device List menu displays an overall view of the devices connected to your LAN. This information is gathered from a number of different sources including DHCP leases, ARP tables, and WiFi clients.
  
 \\ {{:pasted:20210805-071313.png}} \\ \\ {{:pasted:20210805-071313.png}} \\
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   * ''brX'' is a bridge (representing the LAN).   * ''brX'' is a bridge (representing the LAN).
-  * ''ethX'' is an Ethernet physical interface. This name might be used \\ directly, or it might be used indirectly if a bridge/ppp/vpn or similar \\ is associated with the interface. +  * ''ethX'' is an Ethernet physical interface. This name might be used directly, or it might be used indirectly if things like a bridge, PPP, or VPN connection are associated with the interface. 
-  * ''vlanX'' is a virtual interface that'always related to a physical one\\ In the example above, vlan2 represents the WAN interface. +  * ''vlanX'' is a virtual interface that will always be related to a physical interface. In the example above, vlan2 represents the WAN interface. 
-  * ''wlX'' is a wireless radio interface. If Virtual Wireless is configured, \\ you'll probably have several of thesedepending on the number \\ of radios available in your hardware (2.4 and 5GHz). Virtual wireless \\ interfaces will also appear here. wlX is the syntax for the main Wireless chipset where wlX.X is the naming convention of virtual wireless interfaces.+  * ''wlX'' is a wireless radio interface. If you have Virtual Wireless set up you'll probably have several of these depending on the number of radios available in your hardware (2.4 and 5GHz). Virtual wireless interfaces will also appear here. wlX is the syntax for the main Wireless chipset where wlX.X is the naming convention of virtual wireless interfaces.
  
-For WiFi-connected devices, the SSID to which they are associated will appear under the interface name.+On WiFi-connected devices, the SSID they are connected to will appear under the interface name.
  
-In FreshTomato/Linux, device names start at 0. The first Wi-Fi adapter might be named "wl0". The second Ethernet adapter might be named "eth1". Additional instances are created when virtual interfaces are created (secondary SSIDs).+In FreshTomato/Linux, device names start at 0. The first WiFi adapter might be named "wl0". The second Ethernet adapter might be named "eth1". Additional instances are created when virtual interfaces are created (secondary SSIDs).
  
 \\ **Media**: In this column, an icon represents the interface on which the device is connected and its connection status. Interface types include: \\ **Media**: In this column, an icon represents the interface on which the device is connected and its connection status. Interface types include:
  
   * Ethernet   * Ethernet
-  * Wi-Fi (2.4GHz) +  * WiFi (2.4GHz) 
-  * Wi-Fi (5GHz)+  * WiFi (5GHz)
   * Cellular 3G/4G/5G connection to ISP   * Cellular 3G/4G/5G connection to ISP
   * PPPoE connection to ISP   * PPPoE connection to ISP
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 \\ **MAC Address** is the physical (hardware) address associated with the interface. \\ **MAC Address** is the physical (hardware) address associated with the interface.
  
-  * Clicking on the MAC address opens a web search to try to identify \\ the hardware vendor based on the device's OUI ([[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organizationally_unique_identifier|Organizationally Unique Identifier]]). \\ The OUI is derived from the first 6 digits of its MAC address. This function is useful only for hardware default (factory-programmed) MAC addresses and will not work as expected with manually-configured MAC addresses as they can be arbitrarily assigned.+  * Clicking on the MAC address opens a web search to try to identify the hardware vendor based on the device's OUI ([[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organizationally_unique_identifier|Organizationally Unique Identifier]]). The OUI is derived from the first 6 digits of its MAC address. This function is useful only for hardware default (factory-programmed) MAC addresses and will not work as expected with manually-configured MAC addresses as they can be arbitrarily assigned.
  
-  * [SL] or //Static Lease// and is a shortcut to the [[:dhcp_reservation|DHCP Reservation]] page, \\ where you can assign a static IP reservation to the MAC address. \\ From there, you can also enable static ARP mapping to the MAC address if desired to protect against [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARP_spoofing|ARP spoofing]] by ticking the **Bound to** checkbox.+  * [SL] stands for //Static Lease// and is a shortcut to the [[:dhcp_reservation|DHCP Reservation]] page, where you can assign a static IP reservation to the MAC address. From there, you can also enable static ARP mapping to the MAC address if desired to protect against [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARP_spoofing|ARP spoofing]] by ticking the **Bound to** checkbox.
  
-  * [BWL] is a shortcut to the [[:bandwidth_limiter|Bandwidth Limiter]] menu for the specified device, \\ where you can limit the bandwidth of the device associated with this MAC address.+  * [BWL] is a shortcut to the [[:bandwidth_limiter|Bandwidth Limiter]] menu for the specified device, where you can limit the bandwidth of the device associated with this MAC address.
  
-  * [AR] is a shortcut to the [[:access_restrictions|Access Restriction]] menu where the device \\ can have its WAN communication restricted.+  * [AR] is a shortcut to the [[:access_restrictions|Access Restriction]] menu where the device can have its WAN communication restricted.
  
-  * [WLF] is a shortcut to the [[:wireless_filter|Wireless Filter]] menu where the device's MAC address \\ is prefilled and can be blocked/allowed from connecting wirelessly.+  * [WLF] is a shortcut to the [[:wireless_filter|Wireless Filter]] menu where the device's MAC address is prefilled and can be blocked/allowed from connecting wirelessly.
  
 \\ **IP Address** displays the IP address linked to the MAC address of the client device. If no IP address is shown, one is not assigned/known yet. This can briefly happen during the authentication phase of wireless devices, even if the wireless password is incorrect. \\ **IP Address** displays the IP address linked to the MAC address of the client device. If no IP address is shown, one is not assigned/known yet. This can briefly happen during the authentication phase of wireless devices, even if the wireless password is incorrect.
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 **TX/RX Rate** is the current transmit/receive link speeds between the router and the wireless client device. It is normal for these numbers to go up and down based on the activity level of the client device and the quality/distance of the signal. **TX/RX Rate** is the current transmit/receive link speeds between the router and the wireless client device. It is normal for these numbers to go up and down based on the activity level of the client device and the quality/distance of the signal.
  
-**Lease** displays the time remaining before the DHCP lease expires. If you hover over the lease timelink appears which allows you to delete the current DHCP lease from the database, and deauthorize the device (if it's connected via WiFi). This can be useful when creating static IP reservations, to cause connected devices to refresh their previously automatically assigned IP to the new, manually reserved one:+**Lease** displays the time remaining before the DHCP lease expires. The lease time text is also hyperlink; clicking on it allows you to delete the current DHCP lease from the database, and deauthorize the device (if it's connected via WiFi). This can be useful when creating static IP reservations, to cause connected devices to refresh their previously automatically assigned IP to the new, manually reserved one:
  
 {{https://wiki.freshtomato.org/lib/plugins/ckgedit/fckeditor/userfiles/image/delete_lease.png?230x144}} \\ {{https://wiki.freshtomato.org/lib/plugins/ckgedit/fckeditor/userfiles/image/delete_lease.png?230x144}} \\
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 **Measure**: On certain (mainly MIPS-based) devices, there is an extra button to trigger the measurement of Noise Floor (interference). For more information on the noise floor, see the [[:wireless_survey|Wireless Survey]] page. **Measure**: On certain (mainly MIPS-based) devices, there is an extra button to trigger the measurement of Noise Floor (interference). For more information on the noise floor, see the [[:wireless_survey|Wireless Survey]] page.
  
-**Network Discovery**: Starting with release 2021.4, a network discovery function was introduced. It is disabled by default. If enabled, it will remain set for the length of the web interface session, although actual scanning/discovery will stop as soon as you leave the Device List page. Network Discovery can be set to use the Linux **arping** command or the **traceroute** command. Essentially, the function scans all the IP addresses in range to try to better populate the Device List table. Arping is the preferred setting, as it's faster and lighter on resources. However, sometimes, such as with Apple devices, traceroute appears to perform network discovery more precisely.+**Network Discovery**: Starting with release 2021.4, a network discovery function was introduced. It is disabled by default. If enabled, it will remain set for the length of the web interface session, although actual scanning/discovery will stop as soon as you leave the Device List page. Network Discovery can be set to use the Linux **arping** command or the **traceroute** command. Essentially, the function scans all the IP addresses in range to try to better populate the Device List table. Arping is the preferred setting, as it's faster and lighter on resources. However, sometimes, such as with Apple devices, traceroute appears to perform network discovery more precisely. 
  
 To the right of the Network Discovery mode is a non-configurable countdown timer which represents how often the script is run. The countdown is essentially the ARP cache aging time. Remember that modern WiFi devices might stay connected to the router while in deep sleep mode. Network Discovery will likely detect those devices, but the Hostname information may not appear until they are awakened. To the right of the Network Discovery mode is a non-configurable countdown timer which represents how often the script is run. The countdown is essentially the ARP cache aging time. Remember that modern WiFi devices might stay connected to the router while in deep sleep mode. Network Discovery will likely detect those devices, but the Hostname information may not appear until they are awakened.
  
 {{:pasted:20210804-205157.png}} \\ {{:pasted:20210804-205157.png}} \\
- 
  
 ==== External links ==== ==== External links ====
device_list.txt · Last modified: 2021/12/26 00:46 by hogwild