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device_list

Device List


The Device List displays an overall view of (client) devices connected to your LAN. Information is gathered from different sources, such as clients connected to Wi-Fi, DHCP leases, ARP tables, etcetera.


Interface: represents the interface on which the router sees the device. At first, interface names might be a bit confusing.

  • br is a bridge (representing the LAN).
  • eth is a physical interface, which might be used directly. It might be used
    indirectly if a bridge/ppp/vpn etc is associated with the interface.
  • vlan is a virtual interface that will always be related to a physical interface.
    In the example below, vlan2 represents the WAN interface.
  • wl is a radio interface. You'll probably have several of these,
    depending on the number of radios available in your hardware (2.4/5GHz).

Note that in FreshTomato/Linux device names start at 0. The first Wi-Fi adapter might be named “wl0”. The second Ethernet adapter might be named “eth1”. Additional instances are created when virtual interfaces are created (secondary SSIDs).

MAC Address: is the physical (hardware) address associated with the interface.

  • [oui] Clicking this does a web search to try to identify the hardware vendor
    based on the device's oui (Organizationally Unique Identifier).
    The OUI is derived from the first 6 digits of its MAC address.
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organizationally_unique_identifier
    NOTE: this function is useful only for hardware default (factory-programmed)
    MAC addresses. It will not perform as expected with manually-configured
    MAC addresses. This is because you can manually define any MAC address
    for interfaces on the Advanced/MAC addresses page.
  • [static] is a shortcut to the DHCP Reservation page, where you can assign
    a DHCP Reservation or Static ARP mapping to the MAC address.
  • [bwlimit] is a shortcut to the Bandwidth Limiter menu for the specified device.
    here, you can limit the bandwidth of the device associated with this MAC address.

IP Address: reports on the IP address linked to the MAC address.

Name: shows the DHCP Hostname aka Client Identifier. If a name is missing, it could be because your device is not directly connected to the router (e.g. via external switch or AP). You can work around this by adding your own dhcp-host reference in the dnsmasq Custom configuration. For example:
dhcp-host=70:EE:50:37:E8:46,myhostname

RSSI: indicates Relative Signal Strength. This applies only to Wi-Fi clients connected to this router. RSSI is measured in negative numbers, where 0 is the best possible value. Thus, in the example below, -53 is a stronger signal than -74. If possible, keep your wireless devices away from metal, concrete, mirrors, and appliances with large motors or compressors (air conditioners, refrigerators, elevators). They all can consistently reduce signal strength/quality.

Quality: is similar to RSSI but takes into account other parameters, such as noise floor, and interference. This gives a more accurate assessment of the signal.

TX/RX Rate: is the current transmit/receive speeds between FreshTomato and the wireless client device. These numbers will go up and down based on the activity level of the client device. This is not the same as the link speed.

Lease: represents how much time remains before the DHCP lease expires. If you click the lease time, you can delete the current DHCP lease from the database and deauthorize the device (if it is connected via WiFi). This can be useful when creating static IP reservations, to cause connected devices to refresh their previously automatically assigned IP to the new, manually reserved one:



Noise floor: indicates the amount of interference affecting each physical radio interface. Noise, like RSSI, is measured in negative numbers. The best possible value is -100dbm. Any interference will push up the (noise) value and decrease the Quality.

If you experience a strong RSSI and a strong Noise floor, the Wi-Fi is likely to be unusable. In such situations, the main issue is usually other routers or Access Points transmitting on the same channel. Use the Wireless Survey function to get more information.

On the 2.4GHz band, there are well-known sources of interference, such as Bluetooth, cordless phones, wireless headphones, poor quality power supplies, microwave ovens, etcetera. On the 5GHz band, there are typically fewer sources of interference. One source of interference is DFS (Dynamic Frequency Selection). DFS is a Wi-Fi function that enables 5GHz Wi-Fi to use frequencies that are generally reserved for radar. Ironically, DFS was designed to reduce interference, not increase it. DFS interference varies, depending on the country/physical location of the equipment.

Measure: Clicking on the Measure button beside any Noise Floor (interface) number will make FreshTomato measure the noise floor on that interface. For more information on noise floor, see the Wireless Survey page.

External links
List of WLAN channels

device_list.txt · Last modified: 2021/06/23 15:04 by hogwild