Site Tools


Scripting Access Restrictions

Access Restriction rules are coded as strings separated by pipe ( | ) symbols. These are stored in NVRAM as variables named rrule0, rrule1, rrule2 and so on.

To see what's in the first rule, we can issue the following command at a FreshTomato shell prompt:

nvram get rrule0

The returned string might look something like this:

1|540|1140|62|||$|0|New Rule 1

Let's look more closely at what each of these fields separated by a pipe ( | ) symbol means.

Field 1: indicates whether the rule is currently enabled (1) or disabled (0).

Field 2: specifies the start time, (time to start applying this rule), in minutes elapsed since midnight.

In this case, start time is 5:40 AM, so the router should enforce this rule starting at 9:00 AM.

Field 3: is the end time, (time to stop applying this rule). This is coded similarly to the start time.

Both the second and third fields will be -1 if you select the ‘All Day’ option in the Access Restrictions menu.

Field 4: specifies on which days the rule will be applied.

It is coded in binary:

  • 1 = Sunday
  • 2 = Monday
  • 4 = Tuesday
  • 8 = Wednesday
  • 16 = Thursday
  • 32 = Friday
  • 64 = Saturday

For multiple days, simply add together the corresponding numbers for each day.

In the above example, the fourth field is 62, which is equal to 2 + 4 + 8 + 16 + 32 . This means the rule should be active on Mon, Tue, Wed, Thu, and Fri. That is, only on weekdays. If you had checked the Everyday option, the value would have been 127.

Field 5: shows the IP or MAC Address range on your network for which the rule should be applied.

Field 6: has the Port/Application information coded in it. In other words, which port numbers and protocols. This rule should block Layer 7 and p2p applications.

Field 7: contains the Domains/URLs to block. It partially supports regular expressions.

In the example above, domain names ending with “” are blocked.

Field 8: stores a binary coded value if ActiveX, Flash or Java are set to be blocked.

  • A “1” will block ActiveX.
  • A “2” will block Flash.
  • A “4” will block Java.

Field 9: stores the name that you gave to the rule being edited.

Now that we have a basic sense of how Access Restriction rules work, we can write shell scripts to control the rules. The script below will enable or disable a rule. Two values are passed on the command line – the rule number and either a “0” or “1” to disable or enable the service.


#Wait if any service is currently being restarted

nvstat=`nvram get action_service`
while [ "$nvstat" != "" ]; do

#Assume we are going to enable the rule

#Was a 1 or 0 passed on the command line?
[ "$2" != "" ] && enable=$2

#Get the current setting of the rule.
#Rule number is passed as the first parameter on the command line.
rr=`nvram get rrule$1`

#Set the first field to the value in variable $enable
rr=$(echo $rr|sed "s/^./$enable/")
echo $rr

#Replace the old rule with the new value
nvram set rrule$1="$rr"

#Prepare to restart the service by killing the init process
nvram set action_service=restrict-restart

#kill the init process
kill -USR1 1

#Wait for the service to restart
while [ "`nvram get action_service`" == "restrict-restart" ]; do

If you have JFFS enabled in FreshTomato, you can copy the script under the jffs directory and schedule it to run as a cron job, if you wish.


access_restrictions.txt · Last modified: 2023/10/26 17:20 by hogwild